Not to be confused with Amargasaurus
Agustinia was a huge sauropod of the Early Cretaceous. Agustinia is a bizarre dinosaur whose remains have been found in South America. It had large spikes upon its back of an unknown purpose.
Classification: Sauropoda, Somphospondyli, Agustiniidae
Species: A. ligabuei
Agustinia lived in the woodlands of the area which is currently known as South America.
As far as the armor is concerned, some paleontologists who have studied the fossil remains say that what appeared to be armors were actually fragments of hips and ribs. If those paleontologists are correct then, Agustinia didn’t have any armored plates.
However, it is assumed that the dinosaur did have armored plates on its neck and back and that the plates were arranged in such a way that they appeared to be thin when looked from side but full size appeared only when looked at from the front.
Agustinia was actually named as Augustia in 1998. However, when it was found that Augustia had already been used for naming another creature, the name was changed to Agustinia.
Another interesting one of Agustinia facts is that though the fossil was discovered by Agustin Martinelli, paleontologist Jose F. Bonaparte was the person who was actually responsible for identification of the dinosaur.
The fossil was discovered in Argentina by Agustin Martinelli before 1998.
Unknown, although Agustinia may have lived in herds for protection.
1. Bonaparte, J.F. 1999. An armoured sauropod from the Aptian of northern Patagonia, Argentina. In: Tomida, Y., Rich, T. H. & Vickers-Rich, P. (Eds.). Proceedings of the Second Gondwanan Dinosaur Symposium Tokyo: National Science Museum Monographs #15. Pp. 1–12.
2. Bonaparte, J.F. 1998. An armoured sauropod from the Aptian of northern Patagonia, Argentina. In: Tomida, Y., Rich, T. H. & Vickers-Rich, P. (Eds.). Second Symposium Gondwana Dinosaurs, 12–13 July 1998, Abstracts with Program. Tokyo: National Science Museum. Pg. 10.
3. Upchurch, P., Barrett, P.M., & Dodson, P. 2004. Sauropoda. In: Weishampel, D.B., Dodson, P., & Osmolska, H. (Eds.) The Dinosauria (2nd Edition). Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 259–322.
4. D'Emic, M. D.; Wilson, J. A. & Chaterjee, S. (2009). "The titanosaur (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) osteoderm record: review and first definitive specimen from India". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 29: 165. doi:10.1671/039.029.0131.
5. Mannion, Philip D.; Upchurch, Paul; Barnes, Rosie N.; Mateus, Octávio (2013). "Osteology of the Late Jurassic Portuguese sauropod dinosaur Lusotitan atalaiensis (Macronaria) and the evolutionary history of basal titanosauriforms". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 168: 98. doi:10.1111/zoj.12029.
6. Bellardini, F.; Cerda, I.A. (2017). "Bone histology sheds light on the nature of the "dermal armor" of the enigmatic sauropod dinosaur Agustinia ligabuei Bonaparte, 1999". The Science of Nature. 104 (1). doi:10.1007/s00114-016-1423-7.